The shores of the Mediterranean are one of the areas with the highest presence of dry stone elements. The durability and proximity of the only abundant material (mainly limestone) and low vegetation (due to low rainfall) have contributed to the use of this building system since ancient times.
The resistance of these materials and the important agricultural tradition of the territory have allowed the conservation of many of these constructions: margins, vineyard huts, vault huts, rafts, windshields, etc.
Dry stone construction is a traditional and popular construction technique, which involves the use of local stone, cut and chipped, without any kind of mortar, which, thanks to the skill of the builders, has filled the shantytown, walls, trays, banks, ovens, tanks, tanks, wells … The specialists in this construction system were the barracks, a trade which is sadly losing.
The dry stone constructions that we find in the agricultural space respond to daily needs that the man solved with the material that was in situ, and that allowed him to improve the working conditions like shelter from the rain, to accumulate water , prevent sagging, collecting honey, storing wine, locking livestock, storing farm tools, etc.
The disappearance of agricultural work has left many of these little building jewels in oblivion and have been eroded to the point where the stone is broken off and begins to be completely degraded. The Alt Empordà is a region with an important legacy of dry stone. Particularly noteworthy is the area of La Garriga d’Empordà, Cap de Creus and Albera.
Most of the shacks and dry stone constructions that we can see today in the region are linked to the agricultural expansion that took place, especially of the vineyard, between the s. XVII and XIX. In November 2014 the Alt Empordà County Council approved the file for the declaration of Cultural Interest of Local Interest (BCIL) for 97 dry stone huts located in the municipalities of Avinyonet de Puigventós (14), Biure (11), Llers (46), Pont de Molins (4) and Vilanant (22).
However, the dry stone heritage is much wider. Noteworthy is the work of preservation and documentation that is being carried out from Wikipedra, which is a 2.0 space on the dry stone huts, cabins and sheds of Catalonia. This project is being developed from the Landscape Observatory. During 2017, with the promotion of Adrinoc, a Mobile Application has been created that must help discover, catalog, document and preserve all the dry stone elements in the region.
Another interesting way to discover this heritage is to take a tour of the area of La Garriga d’Empordà.
Or in the area of the Natural Park of Cap de Creus- Cadaqués.