In 1879, this was the region’s first village to suffer from the phylloxera plague that destroyed all the vines. Before this insect arrived, the village had 550 inhabitants (in 1860) and after the vines died, many were not replanted and a great number of people left the village. Since then the population has dwindled, with 151 inhabitants in 1990 and 137 in 2001.
The Sant Quirze de Colera monastery is a Benedictine abbey with a complex architectural structure that is highly interesting. The most striking features are the remains of the pre-Romanesque church, the monastic basilica with three apses decorated in the Lombard style, the remains of the 10th century cloister and the monastery’s fortified enclosure (14th century), from the monastery’s years of splendour. It was from the 15th century on that the abbey would fall into decline and it was finally annexed to Sant Pere de Besalú in 1592.
We should mention the small, Romanesque Santa Maria de Colera church with one nave (12th century), which stands near the Sant Quirze de Colera cluster; the 11th century Sant Romà de Delfià Romanesque church, about 3 km from the centre of Rabós, towards Garriguella; the Sant Julià i Santa Basilissa Romanesque church (built in the 13th century and fortified in the 14th century); the Sant Quirze de Rabós chapel, from the 19th century, decorated with wall paintings; and the Faiet pools and the Delfià lakes near the Sant Romà church.