Maçanet de Cabrenys

Maçanet was a fortified town that was built around the church, where the remains of the medieval wall now stand. The name Plaça del Castell (Castle square) still lives on and there are parapets, some loopholes and pits. This castle was owned by the barons of Cabrenys.

The Sant Martí church in Maçanet de Cabrenys is the municipality’s parish church. The current building has a single, rectangular nave with a semicircular apse that is narrower than the nave, and was built in the late Romanesque era, in the second half of the 12th century.

The Sant Sebastià chapel can be found inside the village of Maçanet, squeezed between two houses in a street with the same name. It would go unnoticed were it not for the small bell tower with a projection that crowns its façade. The chapel dates back to the end of the 16th century. At around 2 km from the town in a place called Pas de les Llebres, a menhir from the prehistoric period that has been conserved. It is known as Pedra Dreta (Standing Stone), and is the subject of several legends.

Cabrera castle stands high, at 850 m altitude, to the northeast of the town atop a huge rocky crag. Only scarce ruins now remain, consisting of a cistern and some very small, fairly low walls (11th century).

The Mare de Déu de Les Salines sanctuary stands at 1080 m altitude to the north of the town of Maçanet de Cabrenys. The building is made up of the chapel, the hostel and the refuge and sits on a small plateau amidst a small valley that forms the bank of Les Salines, shortly after its source in the Moixer spring. At around 100 m from the sanctuary, next to the road, lies the cave that, as local legend has it, was also found by a bull.

The name Les Salines comes from the salt that was given out to the cattle there. It was on this small plain that the salt works stood; they were in fact flagstones that shepherds would use to leave salt for the cows and sheep to eat when they went up to the pasture. In fact, before the chapel was built, the Camp de Les Salines (Salt Field) stood on the same site. After it was built, the whole mountain was baptised with this name.

The small hamlet of Sant Briç de Tapis is 6.5 km away to the west of Maçanet de Cabrenys. Built on a plateau between L’Arnera and Clot dels Horts, at 590 m altitude, it is made up of a dozen houses clustered around the Sant Briç church. Tapis serves as an excellent viewpoint over the Frausa massif, the El Fau mountain and Roses; and is surrounded by woods of holm oak, cork oak and chestnut trees. The Oliveda area is 4 km to the south of Maçanet. The Sant Andreu chapel is pre-Romanesque and has one nave with a rectangular apse, conserving a good deal of the 9th-10th century pre-Romanesque construction, particularly in the apse.

Sant Pere dels Vilars is an area located 6 km to the southwest of Maçanet. The church is nestled at the foot of the El Fau mountain, at 500 m altitude. We can reach it along the road that goes up from Oliveda and borders the El Fau mountain range. The area is covered with dense woods of holm oaks, chestnut trees and pine. The Sant Pere church is a pre-Romanesque, small building, with one nave and a trapezoidal-shaped apse that date to the 10th century.

Fontfreda is located 8 km to the south of Maçanet de Cabrenys. The (12th century) Sant Miquel chapel rises up on the edge of a hill on the crest of the El Fau mountain, above the Clot del Rimal.

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